Wednesday

Wednesday is the day in the middle of the week. The name comes from the old German god, Woden.

In old English this day was called Wednes daeg, and in middle English it was known as Wednes dei.

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Tuesday

The word Tuesday comes from the Nordic god Tyr. Tyr is a god of war, much like the Roman god Mars, and many European languages name Tuesday after Mars. In Old English the name was Tiwes Daeg, and in Middle English it was Twisday.

Here is a painting of Tyr.

tyr.jpg

Monday

The word Monday comes fromĀ  ‘Mani’, the old German moon god, which became ‘Mona’ in old English.

Since Sunday is considered the day of the sun, the following day is considered the day of the moon, and this is not only true in English, but in many other languages too, such as Japanese and Sanskrit.

In case you have forgotten what it looks like, here is a picture of the moon.

moon.jpg

Sunday

In ancient Egypt there were seven known planets: the Sun, the Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. Each planet had a special day, and so the 7-day week started. Later the Romans also used this system, which we still have today.

However we now understand that the Sun is not like a planet, it is a star. And we have also decided that the Moon is not a planet because it does not orbit the Sun, it orbits the Earth, and is therefore a satellite.

Nevertheless the Sun has a day named after it: Sunday. The original Roman word was ‘solis’ which became ‘soleil’ in French and ‘sonn’ in German, and the Germanic goddess of the sun was ‘Sunne’, which is how the English word became ‘sun’.

The picture below is an old German ‘sun’ made from metal.

sun.jpg