August is the eighth month of the year, but it was first called Sextilis (meaning sixth), and was the sixth month. However when January and February were added it became number eight.
It is named after the Roman emperor Augustus (born 63BC, died 14AD), who was the most famous of all Roman leaders. His original name was Octavius, but his name was changed to Augustus (from the Latin word ‘augere’, meaning ‘to increase’) because he was able to increase and improve the Roman Empire. Many of Augustus’ finest victories came in the month of Sextilis, so the month’s name was changed to August.
2 thoughts on “August”
I guess people have always enjoyed swimming, but that’s a good point, I cannot recall any painting with bathers or swimmers until the French impressionists.
Just noticed something really unusual in a medieval picture: people swimming!